There are two types of dentures: partial and full dentures. Both types are made in a dental lab, based on a mold (or an impression) of your mouth.
A partial denture is also called a “removable partial denture” or a “partial.” It is made up of one or more false teeth, and held in place by clasps that fit onto nearby teeth. You can take the partial denture out yourself, for cleaning and at night. A partial denture may be used when nearby teeth are not strong enough to hold a bridge, or when more than just a few teeth are missing.
A full denture is also called a “complete denture” or “false teeth.” It can be used when all your natural teeth are missing. Remember, you need to care for a denture as carefully as you would look after your natural teeth.
HOW TO CARE FOR DENTURES
Step 1: Keep your denture clean.
Plaque builds up on a denture just like it does on natural teeth. Unless plaque is removed from your denture, it can spread to your natural teeth and gums, causing gum disease and cavities.
Step 2: Remove your denture every night.
Brush your natural teeth and your gums carefully with a soft toothbrush. If your toothbrush hurts you, run it under warm water to make it softer, or try using a finger wrapped in a clean, damp cloth.
Step 3: Soak your denture overnight.
It can be soaked in a special cleaner (called denture cleanser), in warm water or in a half-and-half mix of warm water and vinegar. If your denture has metal clasps, soak it in warm water only. Soaking will loosen plaque and tartar, so they will come off more easily when you brush. Brush and rinse your denture before you put it back in.
Step 4: See your dentist regularly.
Your mouth is always changing, so your denture will need adjusting from time to time to make sure it fits well. If you have a partial denture, regular dental exams are important to make sure that your natural teeth and gums get the care they need.